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Arusha Peace Agreement Burundi

On 2 December 2002, the CNDD-FDD, the main Hutu party, signed a ceasefire agreement with the transitional government. When President Nyerere launched the Arusha peace process in 1998, the CNDD-FDD split into three factions and Pierre Nkurunziza, then the movement`s commander-in-chief, fought to control the largest of them. The mediation team locked him off the negotiating table until he reconciled his movement and negotiated with one voice, a demand his fellow commanders deemed “condescending.” The movement`s relations with the mediation team and with regional countries have become increasingly fierce. This reinforced an acute aversion to perceived regional “harassment,” symbolizing Burundi`s deep-seated cultural disaffection for outside interference. In 2001, the IMC addressed several issues and the implementation of the Arusha Agreement. . . .