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Good Friday Agreement Open Borders

The cross-border part of the agreement includes 12 areas of cooperation controlled by the North-South Council of Ministers (NSMC). The agreement was reached on 10 April 1998 and examined, among other key issues: the “UK Withdrawal (`Brexit` and `Good Friday Agreement` (published by the European Parliament`s AFCO Committee) debating the issue of cross-border movement of goods and goods with the aim of: Reducing the need for physical border controls: “If the Irish border is not designed as a blockade of the movement of people and goods , then the issue becomes an effective follow-up of this freedom of movement in order to allow the application of border controls themselves.” After the British Parliament voted to leave the European Union, all parties said they wanted to avoid a hard border in Ireland, in part because of the historically sensitive nature of the border. Border issues were one of the three priorities negotiated in the proposed withdrawal agreement. Following the UK`s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020, this border is also the border between the EU and a foreign country. The Brexit withdrawal agreement obliges the UK to maintain an open border in Ireland, so that (in many ways) the de facto border is the Irish Sea between the two islands. In October 2019, the UK and EU negotiators agreed on a revised protocol (see below) that resolved many of these problems by allowing Northern Ireland to leave de jure but effectively the border between the islands (Ireland and Britain). “They see the increasing opening of the border over the past two decades – and its economic and social benefits – as a mere consequence of the 1998 agreement. This can be interpreted, but is widely understood as a spirit of non-violence, consent and partnership. 8 However, these cross-border institutional and economic agreements were an integral part and were based on a broader political compromise between nationalism and unionism. In exchange for such an open border with the executive`s cross-border cooperation institutions (Strand 2) shared between Belfast and Dublin, and in exchange for new power-sharing institutions in Northern Ireland (Strand 1), Dublin agreed to revise Articles 2 and 3 of its Constitution, explicitly supporting the principle of approval and abandoning its territorial right to Northern Ireland.